Tyneham Timeline

About
3000 BC

 
About
400 BC

 
 
 
 
 

 

BronzeAge burial mounds are built on Povington Heath.

Stonehenge is built.

Iron Age people build Flowers Barrow Hill Fort on the cliff top above Worbarrow Bay.
Half of it has fallen into the sea.

Celts farm the land and grow crops.

Look out for the rectangular field systems on the hillsides, best seen in evening light.

Alexander the Great comes to power.

AD 520
 
AD 43
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
AD 750

The Angles and Saxons take over Southeast Britain and call it Angle-land (England).

Romans invade Britain.

Saxon estates are developed, divided by hedgerows, many of which remain today, in particular at
Baltington and North Egliston.

Stirrups are invented.

A Saxon called Alnod owns the area where Tyneham House stood. This part of Purbeck was a
favourite hunting ground of the Saxon kings.

Vikings and Danes invade.

 

 
        1000        

1066
 
 
 

Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest.

The title of Tingeham, which was recorded in the Doomsday Book, is held by William the Conqueror's
half brother and later by the King's army chief called 'Eddricius praepositus'.

 

 
1100

 
 
 
 

The Feudal System is created by the Conqueror, The Saxon serfs are given strips of land to farm,
they pay the 'Lord of the Manor' rent, food and labour and are obliged to fight on his side during
any conflict. The Lord (often an Abbot) in turn pays his taxes to the King.

 

 
1200

1202
 
1297
 
 
 
 
 
 

The Russel family own Tyneham for 100 years.

Edward I outlaws English clergy for refusing tax payments.

The original church at Tyneham is built.

Salisbury Cathedral is being built.

Spectacles invented.

 

 
1300

1348
 

The Black Death enters Britain via the port at Weymouth. Within 18 months half the population
of Britain is dead.

 

 
1400

1459  

The Wars of the Roses begin.

 

 
1500

1509
 
1539
 
 
1558
 
 
1588  

Henry VIII comes to the throne.

Henry's Royal Commissioners, responsible for the dissolution of the monastries, arrive in Dorset.
The Abbots lose land and power.

Queen Elizabeth I comes to the throne - England united under Common Law, Language, Bible and
Book of Common Prayer.

In 'The year of the Armada' John Bond is Captain of The Isle of Portland with 100 men.

 

 
1600

1603

1625

1642

 
1640
 
1641
 
1647

James I of England becomes the first monarch to rule all four countries of the British Isles.

Charles I comes to the throne.

English Civil War begins between Royalist, (Cavaliers) and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) under
Cromwell.

Denis Bond is an M.P. for Dorchester, supporting the Cromwellian Republic.

Humphrey Weld buys Lulworth Castle.

Corfe Castle destroyed by the Roundheads.

1649

1660

1666

 
 
1683
 
1685
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Oliver Cromwell and the hard line Puritans control England.

The English Monarchy is restored under Charles II.

Great Fire of London.

The French invent the hand grenade.

Nathaniel Bond buys Tyneham and Creech Grange.

James II comes to the throne.

Monmouth, (Charles II's illegitimate son) lands, with his army, in Lyme Regis and proclaims himself
King. Defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor.

A member of the Bond family, the 70 year old Lady Alice Lisle, is sentenced to be burnt alive by the
notorious Judge Jeffreys for harbouring a refugee from the Battle of Sedgemoor. After a great outcry
against the sentence she is beheaded instead.

 

 
1700

1722

 
 
1732

1746

1760

 
 
1784

 

Denis Bond buys East Holme.

Puckle patents the machine gun.

Denis Bond expelled from the House of Commons for fraud.

John inherits Tyneham from his Uncle Denis.

George III comes to the Throne.

'Powdered wigs are in vogue, with blue, violet and dove pink being the height of fashion!

Rev. William inherits Tyneham from his father John. He builds the South Transept of Tyneham
Church for the exclusive use of the Bond Family, leaving the North for the congregation. The seats
became known as 'The Cowstalls'.

 

 
1800

1805

 

1815

1837

1852

1854

1860

1865

1874

1875

1876

1886

1888

1899

 

Battle of Trafalger.

The first torpedo is fired.

Battle of Waterloo.

Queen Victoria comes to the Throne.

Rev. Henry inherits Tyneham from his father Rev. William.

Crimean War.

Rev. Nathaniel Bond builds Tyneham School.

Five Worbarrow coastguards drown.

Levi Strauss invents jeans in America.

William inherits Tyneham from his father Rev. Henry.

Tyneham Rectory is built.

Coca Cola invented in America. It is marketed as 'Esteemed Brain Tonic and Intellectual Beverage'.

Jack The Ripper stalks the London streets.

The Boer War.

The Tyneham heir, Algernon is injured at 'The Siege of Ladysmith'.

 
 

 

 

 
1900 - 2003

 

Many of Tyneham's inhabitants have never left the Valley.
Life is simple. Little has changed for hundreds of years.

1901

1902
 

1905

1911
 

 

 

 

1912

Queen Victoria dies.

William Bond presents a handsome new organ to Tyneham Church as a thanks offering for the
recovery of his son Lieut. Algernon from The Siege of Ladysmith.

The vacuum cleaner is invented.

Algernon Bond dies of malaria in India.

Tyneham Coastguard disbanded.
William Bond has the coastguard cottages demolished to prevent them from being used as
holiday accommodation.

William Bond gives Warwick Draper, a London barrister, permission to build a second home,
Sheepleaze, on the cliffs above Worbarrow Bay.

The Titanic sinks.

 
WORLD WAR I - 1914-1918

 

Seventeen young men lost from the small parish of Tyneham cum Steeple.

1916

1917

1926

1927

 
1928

 

1932

1935

The War Office chooses land at Lulworth to test a new English invention. The Tank.

The Russian Revolution.

The General Strike.

A public telephone box is installed outside Tyneham Post Odffice - it causes quite a stir.
William's daughter Margot is responsible for acquiring a Village Hall for Tyneham.

George V visits the Royal Tank Corps at Lulworth.

Walt Disney creates Mickey Mouse.

Tyneham School closes due to 'lack of scholars'.

Ralph Bond inherits Tyneham from his father William.

 
WORLD WAR II - 1935-1945

1940

 
 

1941

 

 
1942

1943

The Blitz.

A Messerschmitt is bought down on Povington Heath. Two enemy flyers are taken prisoner -
the first in the war.

Tyneham House is requisitioned by the Royal Air Force as an administrative centre for the radar
station at Brandy Bay.

Air Raid on Lulworth Camp - several windows broken.

Winston Churchill inspects tanks at Lulworth.

Sylvia House from North Egliston Farm becomes the last person to get married in Tyneham Church.

 
THE EVACUATION

November
1943
 

December
1943

1944

1951

1952
 
 

 
 

1953

1956

 

1961

 

1967
 
 

1968
 
 
 

1969

1970
 
 

1973

1975

1979

1982

1985

1990

1991

 

1994
 

1996

1999
 

2000

2001

September
11 2003

 
 

December
2003

Winston Churchill's War Cabinet issues clearance notices to all 106 properties in an area of
approximately 12 square miles, including Tyneham Village. They have one month to leave.
As properties belong to the Squire, who will receive compensation, most inhabitants are given
only the value of the produce in their gardens.

Farmers sell livestock, machinery and implements at local auctions.

The Lulworth Camp Sherman tanks play an important part in the D-day Normandy landings.

The Korean War.

Ralph Bond, the 'Last Squire of Tyneham' dies, "still bitterly unreconciled to the loss of Tyneham and
deeply wounded by the Government's shabby behaviour and broken promise to retn Tyneham to him
and its former inhabitants".

The Army Ranges continue to be used for training. New threats from Russia begin to loom during the
Cold War.

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

Tanks leave from Lulworth for the Suez Crisis.

Lilian Bond publishes her much acclaimed book. Tyneham - A Lost Heritage.

The Berlin Wall is built.

Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space.

The Tyneham Action Group is launched by Rodney Legg to campaign for the release of Tneham and
the return of it's former families. The publicity produced by this and subsequent groups eventually
forces the Government to take action.

The Ministry of Public Buildings and Works inspects Tyneham House. It decides that because of access
difficultie and the cost (8000) fo preserving the building from further deterioration, it would be best
to salvage certain features and erct them elsewhere in Dorset, abandoning the rest of the house to the
elements.

The first man walks on the moon.

The Army, working with the Purbeck Heritage Coast project, develops public access to the village and
surrounding coast and countryside, making the buildings safe, waymaking the coast paths and walks,
establishing a warden service and providing information for visitors to the Valley.

Power cuts lead to the 3-day week.

Visitors have access to the ranges on most weekends and major public holidays.

Mrs Thatcher becomes our first woman Prime Minister.

Argentina seizes the Falkland Islands.

Bob geldof's 'Live Aid' raises 40,000,000.

A fierce storm in the South causes extensive damage.

The First Gulf War.

Units of the Royal Armoured Corps leave Lulworth for Operation Desert Storm.

The newly refurbished Schoolroom opens. On a summer weekend Tyneham Village attracts over 1000
visitors.

The BSE scare ruins the British beef industry.

The Bond family discovers a 'famous relation' when Pierce Brosnan stars in the latest James Bond
movie. The Bond family motto becomes the film's title, 'The World is not Enough' (non sufficit orbis).

The new millenium begins.

The Dorset Coast becomes a World Heritage Site.

The threat of terrorism becomes worldwide when the 'twin towers' in New York are destroyed.

America leads the invasion of Iraq.

England win the Rugby World Cup.

A Carol Service to mark the 60th Anniversary of the evacuation is held in the newly refurbished
church.

 

 
TODAY

 

Whether you agree with the Army's continuing presence or not,
the Tyneham Valley has escaped the unsightly tourism developments,
only too prominent along the adjacent coastline. It has been untouched
by modern intensive farming practices and is a haven for wildlife,
supporting many rare and threatened species.

Tyneham is a Valley frozen in time.

 
 

This page has been created as a representation of the two panels on the walls of St. Mary's Church in Tyneham.
It must be stressed that although it may be correct in context it is not especially accurate in size, text, or layout.
To appreciate it you must see it in the flesh, together with the many other records of the history of this amazing place.

Rev.20070925